Many Suriname-born football players and Dutch-born football players of Surinamese descent, like Gerald Vanenburg, Ruud Gullit, Frank Rijkaard, Edgar Davids, Clarence Seedorf, Patrick Kluivert, Aron Winter, Georginio Wijnaldum, Virgil van Dijk and Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink have turned out to play for the Dutch national team.

Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, oil, iron ore, other minerals; forests; hydroelectric potential; fish and shrimp. All winning medals for Suriname at the Carebaco Caribbean Championships, the Central American and Caribbean Games (CACSO Games)[72] and also at the South American Games, better known as the ODESUR Games. The bigger stores invest in these firecrackers and display them out in the streets. In Dutch, the official language of Suriname, the pronunciation is [ˌsyriˈnaːmə], with the main stress on the third syllable and a schwa terminal vowel. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge is a bridge over the river Suriname between Paramaribo and Meerzorg in the Commewijne district. 23–1, 2, 3), Sangeetmala (Ch. Exports (2012): $2.563 billion: alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas. However, in 2012, two months before the verdict in the trial, the National Assembly extended its amnesty law and provided Bouterse and the others with amnesty of these charges. He was convicted and sentenced to prison but remained in Suriname. [41], Since 1991, the United States has maintained positive relations with Suriname. Amerindian languages, include Carib, Arawak, Tiriyó and Wayana. The Maroons gradually developed several independent tribes through a process of ethnogenesis, as they were made up of slaves from different African ethnicities. Suriname's forest cover is 90.2%, the highest of any nation in the world. ", "Suriname's climate promise, for a sustainable future", "Suriname's Second National Communication - In Progress | UNDP Climate Change Adaptation", Orang Jawa di Suriname (Javanese in Suriname), "In Babel of Tongues, Suriname Seeks Itself", "A Sabbatical in Suriname – Fun Facts, Questions, Answers, Information", Iris Jharap player profile and statistics, Het blijft bij één keer brons op Cacso | Radio Nederland Wereldomroep, In Suriname's Rain Forests, A Fight Over Trees vs. Jobs, Cocoa frog and lilliputian beetle among 60 new species found in Suriname, New species discovered in Surname's mountain rainforests, Scientists discover scores of species in Suriname's 'Tropical Eden', New-Species Pictures: Cowboy Frog, Armored Catfish, More, Law Compliance, and prevention, and control of illegal activities in the forest sector of Suriname, Suriname gets the nod for environment programme – News – Global Jamaica, "Guardians of the Forest: Indigenous Peoples Take Action to Conserve Nearly Half of Suriname", Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 – Reporters Without Borders, "Surinaamse Broedergemeente stapt in ecotoerisme", "Tonka-eiland Saramaccaans kennis-centrum en Eco-toeristisch paradijs", "People in the beating heart of the Amazon", Down Suriname Way, a Tiny Community of Jews Endures, Website of the President of the Republic of Suriname, Website of the Government of the Republic of Suriname, Website of the National Assembly of the Republic of Suriname, Countries and dependencies of South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Initiative for Infrastructure Integration of South America, Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Suriname&oldid=983729154, States and territories established in 1975, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Member states of the Dutch Language Union, Member states of the Union of South American Nations, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with Indonesian-language sources (id), Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Articles needing additional references from May 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They are descendants of 19th-century contract workers from India, hailing mostly from the modern Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Eastern Uttar Pradesh along the Nepali border. The Saramaccan language has an estimated 58,000 speakers in Suriname, most of whom inhabit the upper Suriname River, as well as Paramaribo. Since it was a colony of The Netherlands until 1975, the official language of Suriname is Dutch. [81][82][83][84] According to the environmental non-profit Conservation International, which funded the expedition, Suriname's ample supply of fresh water is vital to the biodiversity and healthy ecosystems of the region. In March 2015, the "Trio and Wayana communities presented a declaration of cooperation to the National Assembly of Suriname that announces an indigenous conservation corridor spanning 72,000 square kilometers (27,799 square miles) of southern Suriname. A much smaller number, important for coalition-building, went to the "A‑combinatie" and to the Volksalliantie. The Surinamese economy is very dependent on commerce, its main trade partners being the Netherlands, the United States, Canada, and Caribbean countries, mainly Trinidad and Tobago and the islands of the former Netherlands Antilles. In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In order to go on to study math and physics, the student must have a total of 12 points. The largest ethnic group are the East Indians which form about 27.% of the population. They granted the Maroons sovereign status and trade rights in their inland territories, giving them autonomy. Muslims constitute 13.9% of the population, the highest proportion of Muslims in the Americas; they are largely of Javanese or Indian descent. Brazil signed agreements to cooperate with Suriname in education, health, agriculture, and energy production.[47]. Planters' treatment of the slaves was notoriously brutal[18]—historian C. R. Boxer wrote that "man's inhumanity to man just about reached its limits in Surinam"[19]—and many slaves escaped the plantations. "[88] This area includes large forests and is considered "essential for the country's climate resilience, freshwater security, and green development strategy. Iris Jharap, born in Paramaribo, played women's One Day International matches for the Dutch national side, the only Surinamese to do so.[71]. One of the two recognized regional languages in Suriname is Javanese Surinamese. Some features of the spoken Dutch were also later added by the immigrants from British India and Java while it continued to be heavily influenced by other languages, especially slang, spoken by residents on the streets. Life expectancy in 2017 was 72 years (males 69, females 75). Sranan serves as a lingua franca The military branches and regional military commands report to the commander. While the larger Arawak and Carib tribes lived along the coast and savanna, smaller groups of indigenous people lived in the inland rainforest, such as the Akurio, Trió, Warrau, and Wayana. It opened negotiations with the Dutch government regarding African-American emigration to and colonization of the Dutch colony of Suriname. Surinamese Dutch is easily intelligible with other forms of Dutch. Aluku, Paramakan and Kwinti are so mutually intelligible with Okanisi that they can be consindered dialects of the Okanisi language. "[44] On 23–24 April 2009, both nations formed a Joint Commission in Paramaribo, Suriname, to improve relations and to expand into various areas of cooperation. 20–1, 2, 3, 4), Garuda (Ch. 30, Ch. The same can be said about Matawai, which is mutually intelligible with Saramaka. Customs in Suriname report that snakewood is often illegally exported to French Guiana, thought to be for the crafts industry. The government sought to cover this deficit through monetary expansion, which led to a dramatic increase in inflation. 12–1, 2, 3, 4), Radika (Ch. Instead, the building is covered by many texts derived from the Vedas and other Hindu scriptures. About a quarter of the people work in the agricultural sector. Suriname is considered to be a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). They live mainly in the districts of Paramaribo, Wanica, Para, Marowijne and Sipaliwini. Situated on the Guiana Shield, it lies mostly between latitudes 1° and 6°N, and longitudes 54° and 58°W. Virgil Soeroredjo also participated for Suriname at the 2012 London Summer Olympics, only the second badminton player, after Oscar Brandon, for Suriname to achieve this. The Sranan Tongo Creole language is considered by linguists as a fusion of the languages spoken between the 16th and 20th centuries in Suriname, which included Dutch, Portuguese, English, and African languages. At just under 165,000 square kilometers (64,000 square miles), it is the smallest sovereign state in South America. Beginning in the 16th century, French, Spanish and English explorers visited the area. The Maroon languages, include Saramaka, Okanisi, Aluku, Pamaka, Kwinti and Matawai. The official spelling of the country's English name was changed from "Surinam" to "Suriname" in January 1978, but "Surinam" can still be found in English; a notable example is Suriname's national airline, Surinam Airways. Coordinates: 4°N 56°W / 4°N 56°W / 4; -56. [80] In October 2013, 16 international scientists researching the ecosystems during a three-week expedition in Suriname's Upper Palumeu River Watershed catalogued 1,378 species and found 60—including six frogs, one snake, and 11 fish—that may be previously unknown species. Its average temperature ranges from 29 to 34 degrees Celsius (84 to 93 degrees Fahrenheit). The army set up a separate Troepenmacht in Suriname (Forces in Suriname, TRIS).